NCAA Soccer Rule 14 – Penalty Kick

Published on October 27, 2016

John Puglisi

John Puglisi

By: John Puglisi, NISOA National Clinician

Recently, the IFAB revised Law 14, The Penalty Kick. Several sanctions for infringements were changed. These changes occurred after the 2016 -2017 NCAA Soccer rules were finalized. While many of the procedural aspects of the penalty kick are the same under the 2016 – 2017 NCAA Soccer rules and the IFAB Laws of the Game, there are distinct differences in the sanctions associated with some of the infringements. Since the NCAA tiebreaker (Rule 7.1.1) relies on the proper application of Rule 14 to determine which team advances (or wins in the case of the championship game) in postseason games (conference tournaments and NCAA tournament games), it is essential that the referee crew properly administer the NCAA Soccer Rules along with its infringements and sanctions. The following table is provided to assist NISOA members in areas of penalty kick administration.

NCAA Rule 14 Summary of Differences
Infringement NCAA Sanction
By the goalkeeper
Moves forward off the goal line before the penalty kick is taken and a goal is not scored. Retake the penalty kick. A caution for the goalkeeper is not mandatory. (AR 14.3.1)
By the kicker (Rule 14.2 – The referee shall identify the penalty kicker by handing the kicker the ball.)
Ball is kicked backwards Retake the penalty kick. (AR 14.2.e)
Illegal feinting (stopping the run to the ball) Retake the penalty kick. A caution for the kicker is not mandatory (R 14.3.3)
Wrong kicker Retake the penalty kick (R 14.3.3)

In summary:

Outcome of the Kick
Infringement By: Goal No Goal
Kicker Kick Retaken Kick Not Retaken if infringement after ball in play.**
Goalkeeper Goal is Scored Kick Retaken
Both Kick Retaken Kick Retaken

** Kick is retaken if the infringement occurs before the ball is in play.

Update: November 1, 2016

I received a question about infringements by the kicker (Rule 14.3.3) as it relates to misconduct. Rule 14.3.3 states, “On a penalty kick, for any infringement by the player taking the kick committed before the ball is in play, the player shall be cautioned or ejected as appropriate, and the kick taken.” The term “as appropriate” is interpreted as the referee has discretion to determine whether the infringement is misconduct.


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